There seems to be limited information on pentesting Firebird databases on the Internet.
Firebird database server listens on TCP port 3050.
One good resource I found is http://blog.opensecurityresearch.com/2012/07/fun-with-firebird-database-default.html.
It seems like most people do not change the default SYSDBA credentials for their Firebird database. Below are the default credentials.
I have encountered before that the access card database system was using Firebird database for its backend.
This python script requires pyfirebirdsql library from https://github.com/nakagami/pyfirebirdsql.
Firebird requires you to supply the database name on the server you are trying to.
One way to get around it is to check for active connections on the Firebird database server.
What this tools does is to
1. Connect to the Firebird database server using the default credentials
2. List the connected databases
3. Dump the records from the Firebird database server
You can also use the -wordlist argument to supply it a wordlist of database names so that it can attempt to brute-force. That is useful if there aren’t any active connections (or databases not mounted) on the Firebird database that you are trying to access.
The common-tables.txt file from sqlmap is useful if you need a wordlist.
The tool can be downloaded from the below Github repo.
I wrote a script to tests and sorts proxy servers (socks4, socks5, http, https).
There are readily available scripts out there on the Internet that does the same. I just want to write my own.
Sometimes, during a web application test, your IP address might get flagged and blocked by the target’s WAF.
Proxy servers might just be useful in this type of situation. However, regard all proxy servers as malicious and unsafe. You do not want to send sensitive data like credentials over the proxy servers.
If you are doing anything malicious, do not access the proxy servers directly as the ISP might be able to pinpoint the end point of the attack easily.
Below is a screenshot of the help menu for the proxyTester.py script.
Below is an example of the command to run
python proxyTester.py -i proxies.txt -o profile1 -n 100 -time -t https -sort
The script accepts a text file containing proxy servers in the below format
The input file can contain a mixture of Socks4, Socks5, HTTPs, HTTP proxies.
In the below example, the script reads the list of proxies from the file using the -in argument, tests and sorts the proxies using 80 concurrent threads into categories (Socks4, Socks5, HTTPs) and outputs a Proxifier profile PPX file (which you can import into Proxifier if you are using this).
You can use the -time argument in the script to test the latency of the connection.
It might be useful as you might want to avoid using a proxy that has a high latency.
Your computer -> Proxy server -> Website
You can download the script from the below Github repo.
I wrote a simple script to test default credentials in AS/400. I made use of the library and sample code from http://tn5250py.cvs.sourceforge.net/. It currently only works with IBM AS/400 telnet servers for now.
You can pull the code from https://github.com/milo2012/pentest_scripts/tree/master/as400.
You will have to supply the ip and port of the AS400 server in the command line
Below is a screenshot of the tool in action.
I made some changes to wmiexec.py script due to some anonyances I encountered during peneration tests.
The use case scenario for these modded scripts is that if the password contains special characters like @ or : and you can’t use it with the default wmiexec.py/psexec.py/smbexec.py scripts (maybe its just me who can’t figure out how to know how to use them :P)
These 3 scripts (wmiexec.py/psexec.py/smbexec.py) are the common tools that you can use if you want to get the remote host to execute a meterpreter exe file generated via Veil-Evasion.
Using the modded scripts, you can get a list of hosts to run a single command (eg ipconfig) using one line of command.
The source code for the modded scriptscan be found here
Special thanks for Corelabs for making these scripts. Impacket scripts can be found here https://code.google.com/p/impacket/.
Screenshot of psexec.py
Examples of how you can use the modded psexec.py
python wmiexec.py -d testdomain -u user -p pass -ip 192.168.2.1 -command ipconfig
python wmiexec.py -d testdomain -u user -p pass -ip 192.168.2.1 -f ips.txt -command ipconfig
Screenshot of smbexec.py
Examples of how you can use the modded smbexec.py
python smbexec.py -d testdomain -u user -p pass -ip 192.168.2.1
python smbexec.py -d testdomain -u user -p pass -f ips.txt
Screenshot of wmiexec.py
Examples of how you can use the modded wmiexec.py
python psexec.py -d testdomain -u user -p pass -ip 192.168.2.1 -command ipconfig
python psexec.py -d testdomain -u user -p pass -f ips.txt -command ipconfig
Cirt.net is a useful resource that contains the default credentials for various devices.
I wrote a script that crawls, parses and extracts the credentials from cirt.net and outputs them into the “combo” format as required by medusa. Medusa is a brute force tool for numerous services like MySQL, SMB, SSH, Telnet and etc.
Currently, only ssh and telnet related credentials are extracted from cirt.net.
You can download the “combo” word lists for ssh and telnet via the direct links below.
SSH combo list for Medusa
Telnet combo list for Medusa
Combined users.txt and passwords.txt that you can use with Patator (https://code.google.com/p/patator/) which is another awesome brute force tool.
Sample command for medusa “combo” SSH attack.
medusa -M ssh -C wordList_ssh.txt -H port22.txt
If you would like to play around with the python script, you can download the file at the below location.
Patator is another awesome tool that you can use for brute forcing SSH logins
Sample command for patator SSH attack
patator.py ssh_login host=10.0.0.1 user=FILE0 password=FILE1 0=users.txt 1=passwords.txt -x ignore:mesg=’Authentication failed.’
Special shoutout to Cirt.net for maintaining and providing the extensive database of default credentials at cirt.net/passwords
I wrote a script to extend the functions of Burp plugin – Carbonator.
Carbonator is an awesome script by Integris Security. Carbonator uses Jython which is easy for me to understand.
Its similar to Sodapop by Redspin. However, the Sodapop script seems broken now.
Below is a link to Sodapop by Redspin
Below is a description for Carbonator from their website.
Carbonator’s purpose is to enable the ability to automate the vulnerability scanning of a large number of web applications.
A single command from a command line can now produce volumes of vulnerability information.
Carbonator can be found here
I made some additional tweaks to the original carbonator.py script as well as created my own launch_burp.py run script.
The additional functionalities that I have included are
1. Allow you to run Burp/Carbonator against a file containing a list of domain names/IPS/urls. Below is a screenshot of the file format.
2. Run Bing lookup against the IP address of the domain name and find other websites that are hosted on the same IP address (using the IP:x.x.x.x keyword in Bing) and run Burp/Carbonator against these additional websites. These seems to be some false positives in Bing search engine. The script checks to make sure that the domain name resolves to the same IP address.
3. Search Google for links belonging to the domain name (using the site:domain.com keyword) in Google and run Burp/Carbonator against these links. You might find additional website content/links as compared to crawling http://www.domain.com.
My Github repo for the code is at https//github.com/milo2012/carbonator. Please feel free to send me your feedback/comments. Thank you for reading.